Advanced biofuels are classified on the basis of raw materials such as jatropha, camelina, algae, simple lignocellulose, complex lignocellulose, and others. Advanced fuel produced from algae raw material accounted for the largest market share due to its oil content. This plant grows on wasteland and can be grown using ocean and wastewater. Algae-based biofuels are relatively less harmful to the environment if spilled and are biodegradable in nature. Furthermore, the growth rate of algae is 20 times faster as compared to other raw materials such as jatropha. Advanced biofuels are also classified on the basis of fuel types such as cellulosic ethanol, biodiesel, biobutanol, bioDME, and others. Biodiesel fuel type segment holds the largest revenue share in the global advanced biofuel market. This growth is attributed to increasing use of biofuels as engine fuel.
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North America is the most dominant region in global advanced biofuel market in terms of revenue and was valued at US$ 3.010 billion in 2016, owing to increasing demand for cleaner burning transportation fuels. According to Environmental Entrepreneurs (E2), the national nonpartisan business group, the production capacity of advanced biofuel in North America was more than 800 gallons in 2014. Various regulations such as California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard and Renewable Fuel Standard are the key drivers for investment in advanced biofuels. The purpose of these regulations is to reduce emissions of GHG (greenhouse gases) and to implement low carbon fuel standard.