Also termed as the “fire protection system”, fire and safety system is one of the eight primary systems in the buildings. The system monitors, detects and suppresses the fire hazards in the building. It resembles autoimmune system of the human bodies that removes harmful microbes.
This system overlaps both the mechanical and the electrical systems in the number of ways.
- Fire suppression equipment like the pumps and sprinklers which is treated as an important part of the mechanical domain.
- Fire detection equipment like smoke and heat detectors that are classified as electrical components.
Suppressing the fires and taking control of the smoke transmissions are the type of autoimmune responses. The system includes various types of components that can facilitate evacuation of the people from buildings like the exit signs and the emergency buildings.
The system is a vital component of a building’s safety plan irrespective of whether it is a commercial facility, hospital or the educational facilities. Without an efficient fire protection system, lives of those who are in the building can be prevented in case of any eventuality. This is why passive fire protections have been designed for the protection of occupants in the building when the fire is ready to engulf the entire system.
Passive fire protection systems do not need any action to be functional most of the times. They can prevent the flames and the smokes from spreading through the ductwork of the facilities, fire walls and the fire barriers. This enables the people to navigate their ways to the safety doors. Ultimately these safety systems in the buildings can compartmentalize the entire building into sections to slow down the spread of smoke and fire and helps the patients move out of the danger zone. In order to make sure that the buildings and the occupants inside the buildings remain completely protected, passive and active fire protection should be in place.
In case of the active fire protection system, certain amount of motion or action is needed. These systems make use of some actions to notify the fire and smoke conditions. Communication equipments can also be put in place to ensure an utmost safety.
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