Cancer is one of the most prevalent fatal chronic disorders with a high mortality rate due to its extremely invasive nature and prolonged duration of disease. Bone cancer is a type of cancer in which the bone tissues grows in an uncontrollable manner. This growth may be benign or malignant. In most cases bone cancer results from other cancers such as lung cancer, kidney cancer, prostate cancer, and breast cancer, which is also called secondary or metastatic bone cancer. The major and primary symptom of bone cancer is severe bone pain, which usually intensifies with time. In addition to pain, symptoms such as weight loss, fever, fatigue, muscle pain, bone crack, osteoporosis and osteopenia are also identified. Diagnosis of bone cancer includes understanding patient’s history and reasons causing pain. Besides, bone cancer can be diagnosed using imaging techniques such as computerized tomography (CT), bone scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET) scanning, and biopsy tests.
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The bone cancer treatment market is analyzed on the basis of type of bone cancer into primary bone cancer and secondary bone cancer. Primary bone cancer originates from fast and uncontrollable growth of the bone and other related tissues. Types of primary bone cancer include osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, Ewing’s sarcoma, spindle cell sarcoma, and chordoma. Secondary bone cancer, also called metastatic bone cancer, arises due to spreading of cancer cells from different parts of body. It is also referred as metastatic bone cancer.
On the basis of therapies or treatments available, the global bone cancer treatment market is classified as radiation therapy, chemotherapy, cryosurgery, and surgical treatments. The major surgical practices used to treat bone cancer are limb amputation surgery and limb salvage surgery or limb sparing surgery. In radiation therapy, high energy X-rays or gamma-rays are used to destroy tumors. Chemotherapy is a pharmacological treatment that involves the use of anti-cancer drugs. Major drugs include strontium-89 chloride, bisphosphonates, methotrexate, and doxorubicin, among others. Cryosurgery is sometimes used in lieu of conventional surgery to kill tumors.
Developed markets such as the U.S., U.K., Japan, Canada, Australia, Germany, and Spain have a robust healthcare infrastructure that provides patients with easy access to advanced healthcare facilities, which aids in early diagnosis of bone cancer.
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